Sunday February 03 2008 at 05:01
This little article was occasioned by someone emailing me and asking:
Actually I do have a topic for you – clustering. Before we moved to Oracle Spatial, we had a request for a client to: “Show us all the stores that are close to each other”. I’m somewhat embarrassed to say that we did this by coordinate match.
What would be nice is to understand how to implement the query: Show me all stores within x distance of each other.
Well, there is nothing to be embarrassed about because you did this before you had Oracle Spatial (actually all the functionality used below is available to Locator users – thanks Oracle)! What I will do is outline the Oracle functionality that can do what the person wanted and give a practical example I used recently to solve a particular problem.
First off the function we need in Oracle is the SDO_NN spatial operator. (My preference for everything I do in Oracle is to try and push as much processing into a SQL statement before launching into PL/SQL ie programming.) The Oracle documentation on SDO_NN is quite thorough so I recommend that you read it in consort with this article: For example, the only thing I will say say about the SDO_NN_DISTANCE ancillary operator (used in the first example) is that it returns the actual distance Oracle computed between the searched for object and the search object supplied to the SDO_NN operator. The examples below will clarify its use. For a detailed discussion on the operators read the documentation. For now, I will limit myself to a few comments and examples.
SDO_BATCH_SIZE vs SDO_NUM_RES
One of the first things to understand is use of the sdo_batch_size and sdo_num_res parameters. (Again the documentation is quite thorough on these parameters.)
sdo_num_res=<N> simply returns exactly N nearest objects to the search object. So, in the example that follows the nearest object only is returned.
gis@XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9* 'sdo_num_res=1',1) = 'TRUE'
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
271 SHOE 215195.12
(The script to create the STORE table can be accessed here.)
Note that the store is a SHOE store. Let’s “widen” the search a little (note the use of the ORDER BY clause):
gis@XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9 'sdo_num_res=5',1) = 'TRUE'
10* order by 3
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
271 SHOE 215195.12
100 COMPUTER 215228.103
60 SHOE 215307.04
494 VIDEO 215341.161
493 FURNITURE 215347.298
So, what if we only want the nearest three SHOE stores to our search point? Can we just add the “storetype = ‘SHOE’”?
gis>XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9 'sdo_num_res=5',1) = 'TRUE'
10 and s.storetype = 'SHOE'
11* order by 3
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
271 SHOE 215195.12
60 SHOE 215307.04
No this will not do what we want. Why? Because the sdo_num_res parameter returns the objects based on their geometry not their attributes: the 5 stores returned by SDO_NN with sdo_num_res=5 are the 5 nearest. No more are returned. These 5 objects are then passed to the added predicate resulting in only 2 of the 5 passing the test. Can we move the predicate around? No because the SDO_NN will still only return the same 5 objects to the SELECT statement. We have to find a way to increase the set that can be returned by SDO_NN. Why not just increase the sdo_num_res to, say, 10?
gis@XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9 'sdo_num_res=10',1) = 'TRUE'
10 and s.storetype = 'SHOE'
11* order by 3
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
271 SHOE 215195.12
60 SHOE 215307.04
380 SHOE 215909.35
Yes, it works, but it is subject to one guessing a value for sdo_num_res that will work in all cases. For example, sdo_num_res=10 does not work for COMPUTER stores:
gis@XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9 'sdo_num_res=10',1) = 'TRUE'
10 and s.storetype = 'COMPUTER'
11* order by 3
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
100 COMPUTER 215228.103
465 COMPUTER 215717.65
See, we only got two! Sure, we would increase the sdo_num_res batch size again but we are playing a guessing game.
This is why the sdo_batch_size parameter exists. It exists, as the documentation says,“If any geometries in the table might be nearer than the geometries specified in the WHERE clause”. We know SHOE stores in the table are nearer than our COMPUTER stores but it is COMPUTER stores that we want.
gis@XE> select id,
2 storetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from store s
5 where sdo_nn(s.geom,
6 mdsys.sdo_geometry(2003,NULL,NULL,
7 mdsys.sdo_elem_info_array(1,1003,3),
8 mdsys.sdo_ordinate_array(380004,5100003,390000,5160000)),
9 'sdo_batch_size=0',1) = 'TRUE'
10 and s.storetype = 'COMPUTER'
11 and rownum < 4
12* order by 3
gis@XE> /
ID STORETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
100 COMPUTER 215228.103
465 COMPUTER 215717.65
1 COMPUTER 216857.982
A correct result. I will leave you to read up on sdo_batch_size parameter value setting in the documentation.
How do we find the 3 nearest SHOE stores to every SHOE store in the STORE table? As follows?
gis@XE> select /*+ ORDERED USE_NL(s,s2)*/
2 s.id,
3 s2.id as nearestStoreId,
4 sdo_nn_distance(1) as distance
5 from store s,
6 store s2
7 where s.storetype = 'SHOE'
8 and sdo_nn(s2.geom,
9 s.geom,
10 'sdo_batch_size=10',1) = 'TRUE'
11 and s2.storetype = 'SHOE'
12 and s2.id <> s.id
13 and rownum < 4
14 order by 1,3
15 /
ID NEARESTSTOREID DISTANCE
  
394 39 5631.82065
394 413 6387.1917
394 462 6927.07224
Anyone spot the error? The rownum < 4 is applied to the final rowset and not to each s.store and its 3 nearest neighbours!
What we need to do is order the query such that the rownum test is applied to the neighbours of each and every store. One way to do this is via a correlated subquery as follows:
gis@XE> select /*+ ORDERED USE_NL(s,s2)*/
2 s.id,
3 s2.id as nearestStoreId,
4 mdsys.sdo_geom.sdo_distance(s.geom,s2.geom,0.05) as distance
5 from store s,
6 store s2
7 where s.storetype = 'SHOE'
8 AND s2.id in (select id
9 from store s3
10 where sdo_nn(s3.geom,s.geom,'sdo_batch_size=10',1) = 'TRUE'
11 and s3.storetype = 'SHOE'
12 and s3.id <> s.id
13 and rownum < 4)
14* order by 1,2
gis@XE> /
ID NEARESTSTOREID DISTANCE
  
....
490 82 7933.95789
490 233 7704.35301
490 480 5899.48249
495 159 4850.15973
495 243 5073.66333
495 318 7008.11984
499 41 2635.73385
499 74 4104.74433
499 430 4327.98326
A correct result.
Note: Because of limitations with returned values from correlated subqueries, we cannot access any sdo_nn_distance() values so we simply use the sdo_geom.sdo_distance function to get out required distance. If I can come up with a better query (or perhaps my readers may have a better approach) I will amend this blog posting.
Quality of Returned Distance
What I want to turn to the types of distances SDO_NN calculates. It is an approximation to the actual geometric distance done so that the speed of the SDO_NN operator remains fast (which it is) through mainly RTree processing or is it computed by looking at the actual geometries? All I will do is conduct a very simple test using a point and a line.
In the Codesys.ProjLine2D table there is a simple, straight line geometry with linetype of ‘STRAIGHTVERTEX’ as follows:
INSERT INTO ProjLine2D VALUES(
'STRAIGHTVERTEX',
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, NULL, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY( 380000.0, 5100000.0, 380000.0, 5160000.0)));
You will note that it is a horizontal line of length 60,000 meters. If I search this feature using two points to show that the SDO_NN distance calculation is quite accurate.
gis@XE> select sdo_nn_distance(1)
2 from codesys.projline2d p
3 where p.linetype = 'STRAIGHTVERTEX'
4 and sdo_nn(p.geom,mdsys.sdo_geometry(2001,NULL,mdsys.sdo_point_type(380010.0, 5160000.0,NULL),NULL,NULL),
5* 'sdo_num_res=1',1) = 'TRUE'
gis@XE> /
SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)

10
gis@XE> select sdo_nn_distance(1)
2 from codesys.projline2d p
3 where p.linetype = 'STRAIGHTVERTEX'
4 and sdo_nn(p.geom,mdsys.sdo_geometry(2001,NULL,mdsys.sdo_point_type(380010.0, 5155550.0,NULL),NULL,NULL),
5* 'sdo_num_res=1',1) = 'TRUE'
gis@XE> /
SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)

10
So, SDO_NN must look at the geometries of the objects it deals with to calculate its distances and not rely on MBRs and object vertices.
Hints
You will have noted that that all the queries above that involve a single table require no hints (as expected). However, the query against the two STORE tables above used the ORDERED and USE_NL (USE_Nested_Loops) hints. Why is this? Occasionally, queries just won’t run. For example, here is a query that does not work for the data I ship with my free PL/SQL packages on the copy of XE (10gr) I am running:
gis@XE> select p.id,
2 l.linetype,
3 sdo_nn_distance(1)
4 from codesys.projpoint2d sample (0.1) p,
5 codesys.projline2d l
6 where sdo_nn(l.geom,p.geom,'sdo_num_res=5',1) = 'TRUE'
7 and l.linetype like '%VERTEX%'
8 /
select p.id,
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA13249: SDO_NN cannot be evaluated without using index
ORA06512: at "MDSYS.MD", line 1723
ORA06512: at "MDSYS.MDERR", line 17
ORA06512: at "MDSYS.PRVT_IDX", line 9
I have note that this can happen where a nonspatial attribute used in a predicate has its own index (and sometimes not). This issue is documented in the Spatial Operators chapter of the Oracle Spatial documentation and also in the excellent book Pro Oracle Spatial. The recommended solution is to include hints. Sometimes adding the /*+ORDERED*/ hint on its own can work but in other cases not. The ones recommended in the book involve knowing about the name of the RTRee and ordinary indexes over the CODESYS.PROJLINE2D table (/*+INDEX*/). Similarly for the documentation though it does suggested the LEADING hint in cases involving a join between the two tables in the FROM clause used in the SDO_NN operator. I have found that, at times, the ORDERED, INDEX and NO_INDEX hints are not enough: I have had to specify the LEADING or USE_NL (USE_Nested_Loops) hints as in the following examples:
gis@XE> select /*+ORDERED USE_NL(p,l) */
2 p.id,
3 l.linetype,
4 sdo_nn_distance(1)
5 from codesys.projpoint2d sample (0.1) p,
6 codesys.projline2d l
7 where sdo_nn(l.geom,p.geom,'sdo_num_res=5',1) = 'TRUE'
8 and l.linetype like '%VERTEX%'
9 /
ID LINETYPE SDO_NN_DISTANCE(1)
  
393 VERTEXARC 156738.398
393 VERTEX 241507.531
393 STRAIGHTVERTEX 249322.965
393 45DEGREEVERTEX 300109.767
You should read the documentation and be prepared to experiment with different hints.
A Real Example
Finally, I thought I would leave you with a real example derived from something I had to do for a customer recently. What we will do is find the nearest vertextovertex segment (greater than 5 meters in length) of a land parcel polygon to a road centreline with the same name. Here is a picture of some data and a road centreline. Note that the distance to the road centreline will be the same for a parcel side boundary where it joins a front boundary as both share the same (corner) vertex. To get around this we will use the midpoint of each segment.
The identifiers of the hightlighted land parcels are: oid in ( 26388, 26386, 26387, 26392, 26390, 26391, 26389 )
Here is a query that achieves what we want to do.
gis@XE> select /*+ ORDERED USE_NL(a,s)*/
2 a.oid,
3 sdo_geom.sdo_length(sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
4 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
5 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)),
6 0.05) length
7 from land_parcel a,
8 table(codesys.geom.getpipedvector2d(a.geom)) b,
9 road_centreline s
10 where a.oid in ( 26388, 26386, 26387, 26392, 26390, 26391, 26389 )
11 and sdo_nn(s.geom,
12 sdo_geometry(2001,8307, sdo_point_type((b.startcoord.x+b.endcoord.x)/2,(b.startcoord.y+b.endcoord.y)/2,null),
13 NULL,NULL),
14 'sdo_num_res=1') = 'TRUE'
15 and s.street_name = a.street_name
16 and sdo_geom.sdo_length(sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
17 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
18 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)),
19 0.05) > 5
20 order by 1,2
21 /
OID LENGTH
 
26386 16.598107
26386 35.6314592
26386 35.6419791
26387 15.5455833
26387 17.5226582
26387 32.3342913
26387 35.6419791
26388 11.9649317
26388 32.3342913
26388 37.0525111
26389 13.0049383
26389 36.2842051
26389 37.0525111
26390 16.9069198
26390 36.2708158
26390 36.2842051
26391 18.5583617
26391 19.6084577
26391 36.2663495
26391 36.6570959
26392 18.900781
26392 36.2663495
26392 36.2708158
23 rows selected.
But we want the nearest vector for each OID. The SQL is:
gis@XE> select /*+ ORDERED USE_NL(a,s) */
2 a.oid,
3 min(sdo_geom.sdo_length(sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
4 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
5 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)),
6 0.05) ) as length
7 from land_parcel a,cad_poly
8 table(codesys.geom.getpipedvector2d(a.geom)) b,
9 road_centreline s
10 where a.oid in ( 26388, 26386, 26387, 26392, 26390, 26391, 26389 )
11 and sdo_nn(s.geom,
12 sdo_geometry(2001,8307, sdo_point_type((b.startcoord.x+b.endcoord.x)/2,(b.startcoord.y+b.endcoord.y)/2,null),
13 NULL,NULL),
14 'sdo_num_res=1') = 'TRUE'
15 and s.street_name = a.street_name
16 and sdo_geom.sdo_length(sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
17 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
18 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)),
19 0.05) > 5
20 group by a.oid
21 /
OID LENGTH
 
26388 11.9649317
26392 18.900781
26391 18.5583617
26387 15.5455833
26390 16.9069198
26386 16.598107
26389 13.0049383
7 rows selected.
Finally, while we could use the MIN function with an appropriate GROUP BY clause to return the vector with the minimum distance to the road centreline, we cannot easily return the midpoint of the nearest vector of each OID using these operators. To do so requires some tricky SQL using a rank/partition analytic to find the first vector whose distance to the road centreline is the minimum of all vectors that make up any one land parcel (rank = 1). Here is the final result.
gis@XE> select oid,cldist,midpoint,parcel_vector
2 from (select oid,cldist,midpoint,parcel_vector,
3 RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY oid ORDER BY cldist) as oidrank
4 from ( select /*+ ORDERED USE_NL(a,s)*/
5 a.oid,
6 sdo_geom.sdo_distance(s.geom,
7 sdo_geometry(2001,8307,
8 sdo_point_type((b.startcoord.x+b.endcoord.x)/2,(b.startcoord.y+b.endcoord.y)/2,null),
9 NULL,NULL),
10 0.05) as cldist,
11 sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
12 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
13 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)) as parcel_vector,
14 sdo_geometry(2001,8307,
15 sdo_point_type((b.startcoord.x+b.endcoord.x)/2,(b.startcoord.y+b.endcoord.y)/2,null),
16 NULL,NULL) as midpoint
17 from land_parcel a,
18 table(codesys.geom.getpipedvector2d(a.geom)) b,
19 road_centreline s
20 where a.oid in ( 26388, 26386, 26387, 26392, 26390, 26391, 26389 )
21 and sdo_nn(s.geom,
22 sdo_geometry(2001,8307,sdo_point_type((b.startcoord.x+b.endcoord.x)/2,(b.startcoord.y+b.endcoord.y)/2,null),NULL,NULL),
23 'sdo_num_res=1') = 'TRUE'
24 and s.street_name = a.street_name
25 and sdo_geom.sdo_length(sdo_geometry(2002,8307,null,
26 sdo_elem_info_array(1,2,1),
27 sdo_ordinate_array(b.startcoord.x,b.startcoord.y,b.endcoord.x,b.endcoord.y)),
28 0.05) > 5
29 )
30 )
31 where oidrank = 1
32 /
OID CLDIST
 
MIDPOINT(SDO_GTYPE, SDO_SRID, SDO_POINT(X, Y, Z), SDO_ELEM_INFO, SDO_ORDINATES)

PARCEL_VECTOR(SDO_GTYPE, SDO_SRID, SDO_POINT(X, Y, Z), SDO_ELEM_INFO, SDO_ORDINATES)

26386 5.72710973
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.673904, 37.862795, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.673898, 37.862869, 144.673909, 37.86272))
26387 10.1054417
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.67386, 37.862933, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.673822, 37.862996, 144.673898, 37.862869))
26388 16.3701483
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.673864, 37.863038, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.673905, 37.863081, 144.673822, 37.862996))
26389 11.580563
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.673974, 37.863058, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.674042, 37.863036, 144.673905, 37.863081))
26390 6.43017772
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.674138, 37.863039, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.674234, 37.863043, 144.674042, 37.863036))
26391 5.70850051
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.674554, 37.863055, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.674659, 37.863059, 144.674449, 37.863051))
26392 6.07655561
SDO_GEOMETRY(2001, 4030, SDO_POINT_TYPE(144.674341, 37.863047, NULL), NULL, NULL)
SDO_GEOMETRY(2002, 4030, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 2, 1), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(144.674449, 37.863051, 144.674234, 37.863043))
7 rows selected.
Mapping these midpoints (large gray circles) produces the following.
Given Thomas’s comments below I thought I would show an image of the solution I created from a new algorithm that is much improved algorithm over the one above. Here the requirement is to place a centroid point 3 meters inside the road boundary of a land parcel: if possible the centroid should be in the middle of the road frontage. If anyone is interested in using this algorithm (encapsulated inside a fairly short PL/SQL Procedure), please contact me, but generally the algorithm:
 Filters out all boundaries that are shared in adjacent polygons;
 Takes advantage of the anticlockwise winding of the outer shell of a polygon to create the point 3 meters inside the boundary;
 Uses SDO_NN to find the correct boundary (both the land parcel and road centreline data I was provided have road name as an attribute);
 Uses my CENTROID.sdo_centroid() function to find the middle point of the chosen road frontage.
Here is the finaly image after processing (I know it is a bit garish but I have deliberately coloured the parcel and road centrelines by their road name to show how the algorithm correctly finds the land parcel frontage closest to its named road).
If you reached the end of this article, thanks for persevering with the material. I hope you got something out of it.

Comment [10]
Thanks the article was very enlightening.I have a question though, is there any way of doing what you have done using SQL2008.what spatial function would be equivalent to the oracle SDO_NN.I have a tracking system running on SQL2008 and using Navteq RDF data.I would like to be able to get a location and its speed limit given GPS coordinates.Thank you
— Doreen · 26 September 2008, 08:13 · #
Here is one way to do a nearest neighbour search in SQL Server 2008. If I get time I will investigate faster, more flexible methods.
I hope this helps.
regards
Simon
— Simon Greener · 13 November 2008, 23:27 · #
Simon – great article, I’ve been looking at implimenting something along these lines to automatically generate the locations of street address points. One thing that I’ve noticed is that unlike your example we have a lot of parcels that the frontage is made up of a ‘densified arc’ or that plus a ‘straight’ line segment – is there a simple way to select the largest segment in the parcel_vector to determine the required midpoint?
— Thomas Baxter · 24 March 2009, 22:34 · #
Simon,
Great article, the best I’ve seen that clearly explains this subject – especially to me, a novice on the subject.
My question is: I’ve created a table of lat/long sdo_geometry points that list the N/S/E/West points in a zipcode. I want the distince from N to S, E to W. My query doesn’t work though, I get the Ora13249 error.
Here is the simple query:
select ZIP5,zip4,north,south, sdo_nn_distance (1) distance
from zip4_bounds
where zip5=‘01001’ and zip4=‘1717’ and
sdo_nn (south, north,‘unit=mile sdo_num_res=1’, 1) = ‘TRUE’
I’m basically trying to find the distance from North to South in zip 010011717, both geo fields stored on 1 row. It keeps failing though. Can this even be done? On the few occasions I get this working with 2 tables, the results are scattered and incorrect. Very strange.
Thanks,
Dan
— Dan Ostertag · 30 October 2009, 21:20 · #
Simon,
Could you give mo more details how to create the point 3 meters inside the boundary ?
— Kamil Frymus · 8 December 2009, 12:22 · #
select “MZ_ID” , “JOB_ID”, “DIVISION_ID”, “REGION_ID” , “SYSTEM_ID” , “XFM_ID” , “MSLINK” , “DEV_ID”, “DEV_NAME” , “DEV_MFG” , “DEV_SERIES” , “DEV_TYPE” , “DEV_CAT” , “DEV_MOD” , “DSN_MAP” , “LOCATION” , “DROP_CODE” , “HSE_CNT” , “POW_CNT” , “MS_ANGLE” , “MS_X_SCALE” , “MS_Y_SCALE” , “RSCNAME” , “CONTRACTOR” , “JOB_DESC” , “JOB_NAME” , “DELSTATUS” , “SOURCE_SCN” , “CHANGE_DATE” , “CELLTYPE_DUP” , “CELLNAME_DUP” from “TAP” “a”, (select (sdo_geometry(2001,3785,sdo_point_type(1.0589079477252E7,4516166.236628,null),null,null)) ogc_geometry from dual) “b” where (( SDO_NN(“a”.ogc_geometry, “b”.ogc_geometry, ‘sdo_num_res=100 UNIT=foot ‘, 1) = ‘TRUE’) and (Location = ‘A’))
I am trying to get the NN results for a selected location .
It always returns wrong results or sometimes no results . Actually there is records in our table. I don’t know why this happens.
Any help appreciated,
Thanks,
Babu K
— Babu K · 10 August 2012, 06:48 · #
Folks,
For those who might read this blog, the issue Babu raised were fixed off line.
The solution was to use sdo_batch_size instead of sdo_num_res with a NO_INDEX hint having to be used on the Location = ‘A’ predicate.
regards
Simon
— Simon Greener · 14 August 2012, 08:16 · #
Your examples spell it out, so simple…. But
I’m trying to find the nearest Pole to the starting point of a Conductor (power line).
In some cases, some conductors are not reported. If I change the sdo_num_res from 1 to 3, the results will include the one for those that are missing when sdo_num_res is set to 1, but will have many more results than I want.
To simplify, I have provided only the point of the conductor from which to search, rather than get it to find poles near ‘id=01’.
What am I doing wrong?
— ====================================
select cln.g3e_fid “CondFid”, pt.g3e_fid “PoleFid” —*
from eds_base_pole_v bp — consolidated pole info
, b$pole_pt pt — pole point
, b$pricond_ln cln — conductor line
, connectivity_n conn — connectivity info
, common_n comm — common info
, table(sdo_util.getvertices(cln.g3e_geometry)) cv
where 1 = 1 and pt.g3e_cno = 20802 and cln.g3e_fid in ( 568460, 413169, 184707 ) — restrict test size and pt.g3e_fid = bp.pole_g3e_fid and cv.id = 01 and cln.g3e_fid = comm.g3e_fid and comm.state = ‘In Service’ and cln.g3e_fid = conn.g3e_fid and CONN.ORIENTATION = ‘OH’ and sdo_nn(pt.g3e_geometry, — <==== search this geometry
— cln.g3e_geometry, (sdo_GEOMETRY(3001,null,SDO_POINT_TYPE(cv.x, cv.y, cv.z),null,null)), ‘sdo_num_res=1, distance=35’) = ‘TRUE’ — nearest within this distance
— =====================================
Thanks
— Ed Barnett · 1 October 2012, 17:55 · #
If I used SDO_BATCH_SIZE it does not seem to order my results from closest to furthest. It stays within the distance however which is helpful. But when I use SDO_NUM_RES it orders my results. For larger sets say finding the closest 8K records out of millions of records both methods may return 8K but the SDO_NUM_RES will return the closest 8K, while the the SDO_BATCH_SIZE query will return 8k, but not necessarily the closest. Does this make sense?, is there a way to fix. I don’t want to get every neighbor and then order.
Here are psudo sql statments I’m using.
SELECT /*+ORDERED*/ SDO_NN_DISTANCE (1) DIST FROM ORDERS A, LEADS L — Spatially indexed table WHERE A.AGENT_ID = ‘66271J’ AND SDO_NN (L.GEO_LOCATION,A.HOME_OR_OFFICE_GEOMETRY,‘distance=50 UNIT=MILE SDO_NUM_RES=50 ‘,1) = ‘TRUE’
SELECT /*+ORDERED*/ SDO_NN_DISTANCE (1) DIST FROM ORDERS A, LEADS L — Spatially indexed table WHERE A.AGENT_ID = ‘66271J’ AND SDO_NN (L.GEO_LOCATION,A.HOME_OR_OFFICE_GEOMETRY,‘distance=50 UNIT=MILE SDO_BATCH_SIZE=0 ‘,1) = ‘TRUE’ AND ROWNUM < 51
— Steve Olson · 20 September 2013, 20:40 · #
Hi Simon,
We have a vehicle tracking oracle DB. From this DB, we generate reports. Those reports (SQLs) have a bottle neck when it comes to Spatial joins. The typical… We would like someone to evaluate the SQLs and see the bottle Necks or deterimine why the SQL are slow. We get his error when the report criteria is big sometimes.
ERROR at line 1:
ORA13249: SDO_NN cannot be evaluated without using index
ORA06512: at “MDSYS.MD”, line 1723
ORA06512: at “MDSYS.MDERR”, line 17
ORA06512: at “MDSYS.PRVT_IDX”, line 9
In Brief, I am sure it is something related to either our data or the SQL itself. Please let me know how we can work it out.
Paul Kadi
— Paul Kadi · 18 November 2013, 14:02 · #