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Current SQL Server Blog Articles

    STGeometryTypes: Extracting all geometry type string values from complex geometry
    STDensify: Densify (m)LineString or (m)Polygon geometry objects
    STInsertN: Insert single vertex into a geometry
    STUpdateN: Update (replace) a single vertex within a geometry object.
    STUpdate: Replace all points equal to the supplied point with replacement point.
    STDeleteN: Delete single vertex from geometry
    STDelete: Deleting vertices in geometry objects
    STFlipVectors: Normalize direction of linestring vectors
    STConvertToLineString: Extract LineStrings in GeometryCollection to create LineString
    STLine2Cogo: Converting LineStrings to COGO XML
    STCogo2Line: Creating (Multi)LineStrings geometries from COGO XML instructions
    STVectorize: Break Linestring/Polygon elements into 2 point vectors (or 3 point circular curves)
    STScale: Function to Scale a geometry object
    TSQL String Tokenizer Function for SQL Server
    STGeometry2MBR/STGeography2MBR: Compute and return MBR ordinates
    generate_series for SQL Server 2008
    STExtractPolygon: Extract Polygons from result of STIntersection in SQL Server Spatial
    STRound: Function to round ordinates of a SQL Server Spatial geometry object
    STExtract: Extract elements of a geometry object
    STNumRings: Counting number of polygon rings
    STFilterRings: Removing rings from Polygon based on area.
    STMove: Function to Move a geometry object in SQL Server Spatial
    STCentroid*: Alternate Functions for Compute a Centroid
    STRotate: Function to rotate a geometry object in SQL Server Spatial
    STVertices: Wrapper over STDumpPoints
    STMorton: Creating a Morton number Space Key value for grid square
    Gridding a geometry or geography object (SQL Server Denali)
    On hinting spatial indexes
    RandomSearchByExtent: Random Search Procedure (2008 Spatial)
    COGO: Convert DMS String to decimal degrees floating point number.
    COGO: Converting (Google Earth) Formatted Longitude/Latitude points to decimal degrees (SQL Server)
    COGO: Convert Degrees, Minutes and Seconds values to Decimal Degrees
    COGO: DD2DMS Formatting a latitude/longitude decimal degree value
    COGO: Create point from bearing and distance
    COGO: Compute number of vertices required to stroke circle or circular arc
    COGO: Calculating the bearing between two points (SQL Server 2008 Spatial)
    COGO: Compute arc length subtended by angle centre of circle
    COGO: Compute chord length of segment of a circle (arc)
    COGO: Computing Arc To Chord (Arc2Chord) Separation
    COGO: Creating a stroked polygon from a circle's centre x,y and radius
    COGO: Finding centre and radius of a curve defined by three points: FindCircle function
    CheckRadii: Identifying Tight Radius Curves sections within LineString geometry data
    Generating random point data for SQL Server 2008 Spatial
    New Presentation on Active (Searchable) Spatial Metadata for SQL Server 2008 Spatial and FreeText
    STisGeo: Checking if a column in a table or a view is of type geometry or geography
    Vectorising geometry objects in SQL Server 2008
    STMBR2Geometry/STMBR2Geography functions
    Extracting geometry types from geometry/geography objects in SQL Server 2008
    Getting the number of coordinate dimensions of a geometry/geography object in SQL Server 2008
    STDumpPoints: A Function that Dumps the Vertices/Points in a geometry
    toGeography and toGeography Conversion Functions for SQL Server 2008 Spatial
    Write text file with spatial data from SQL Server 2008
    Loading Shapefiles into Geography type column in SQL Server 2008
    Tip #6: Correcting invalid geometries
    Tip #5: Where or where has my little column gone
    Tip #4: What Coordinate System is that?
    Tip #3: What object is that?
    Tip #2: Spatial Indexing and Primary Keys
    Tip #1: SQL Server 2008 "Katmai" - Setting SRIDs



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All Blog Articles, Data Models and Free Source Code by Simon Greener, The SpatialDB Advisor is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Tip #2: Spatial Indexing and Primary Keys

Saturday November 24 2007 at 03:54

For fast and efficient search and retrieval all columns containing spatial data should have a spatial index created on them.

For Oracle an index can be created on any SDO_GEOMETRY column regardless as to whether the table has a primary key or not. This is because Oracle uses an internal, unique, ROWID pseudo-column in its indexes: the ROWID links a leaf in the spatial index to the table’s actual row on disk (in the table’s tablespace).

However, SQL Server 2008 “Katmai” requires that all tables must have a primary key before a spatial index can be constructed. The primary key can be based on one or more columns in the table with those columns being of any data type.

The table I loaded for Tip #1, TAS_LGA, can have its primary key constructed as follows:

1. Make the column that will become the primary key “NOT NULL”

alter table dbo.tas_lga alter column lga_pid char(15) not null;

2. Declaratively define the primary key on our not null column lga_pid as follows:

alter table dbo.tas_lga add constraint tas_lga_pk  primary key (lga_pid);

We are now in a position to create our spatial index. Microsoft’s spatial index requires you define the bounding box of the spatial index. For our TAS_LGA table this will be the complete extent of the data. This can be discovered as follows:

select min( a.geog.STEnvelope().STPointN(1).STX) as minx,
       min( a.geog.STEnvelope().STPointN(1).STY) as miny,
       max( a.geog.STEnvelope().STPointN(3).STX) as maxx,
       max( a.geog.STEnvelope().STPointN(3).STY) as maxy
  from gisdb.dbo.tas_lga a;
minx miny maxx maxy
143.813480017165 -43.8603741008445 148.503628803775 -39.1918359319521

Now that we know the extent of our data we can create a spatial index as follows:

CREATE SPATIAL INDEX tas_lga_geog_idx
  ON tas_lga (geog)
  WITH (
BOUNDING_BOX = ( 143, -44, 149, -39),

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